UTI – Urinary Track Infection

UTI – Urinary Track Infection
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A urinary tract infection, or UTI, is an infection in any part of your urinary system, which includes your kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra. Woman are at higher chance of getting UTI. 1 in every 2 women get UTI.
Symptoms of UTIs

The symptoms of a UTI can include:

A burning feeling when you pee
A frequent or intense urge to pee, even though little comes out when you do
Cloudy, dark, bloody, or strange-smelling pee
Feeling tired or shaky
Fever or chills (a sign that the infection may have reached your kidneys)
Pain or pressure in your back or lower abdomen

Causes of UTIs

UTIs are a key reason why doctors tell women to wipe from front to back after using the bathroom. The urethra — the tube that takes pee from the bladder to the outside of the body — is close to the anus. Bacteria from the large intestine, can sometimes get out of your anus and into your urethra. From there, they can travel up to your bladder and, if the infection isn’t treated, can continue on to infect your kidneys. Women have shorter urethra than men. That makes it easier for bacteria to get to their bladders. Some women are more likely to get UTIs because of their genes. Women with diabetes may be at higher risk because their weakened immune systems make them less able to fight off infections. Other conditions that can boost your risk include hormone changes.
When to see Your Doctor

If you suspect that you have a urinary tract infection, go to the doctor. You’ll give a urine sample to test for UTI-causing bacteria. If your Doctor thinks you need Medications, antibiotics are the most common treatment for urinary tract infections. As always, be sure to take all of your prescribed medicine, even after you start to feel better. Drink lots of water to help flush the bacteria from your body. Your doctor may also give you a medication to soothe pain. You might find a heating pad helpful.
Types of UTIs

An infection can happen in different parts of your urinary tract. Each type has a different name, based on where it is.

Cystitis (bladder): You might feel like you need to pee a lot, or it might hurt when you pee. You might also have lower belly pain and cloudy or bloody urine.
Pyelonephritis (kidneys): This can cause fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, and pain in your upper back or side.
Urethritis (urethra): This can cause a discharge and burning when you pee.

How to Prevent UTI Infection

Following some tips can help you avoid getting UTI:

Empty your bladder often as soon as you feel the need to pee; don’t rush, and be sure you’ve emptied your bladder completely.
Wipe from front to back after you use the toilet.
Drink lots of water.
Choose showers over baths.
Stay away from feminine hygiene sprays, scented douches,scented sanitary pads and scented bath products; they’ll only increase irritation.
Clean your genital area before sex.
Change your sanitary pad in every 4-6 hours
Pee after sex to flush out any bacteria that may have entered your urethra.
Keep your genital area dry by wearing cotton underwear and loose-fitting clothes.
Don’t wear tight jeans and nylon underwear; they can trap moisture, creating the perfect environment for bacteria growth.

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